Regulated spindle orientation buffers tissue growth in the epidermis.

Published online

Journal Article

Tissue homeostasis requires a balance between progenitor cell proliferation and loss. Mechanisms that maintain this robust balance are needed to avoid tissue loss or overgrowth. Here we demonstrate that regulation of spindle orientation/asymmetric cell divisions is one mechanism that is used to buffer changes in proliferation and tissue turnover in mammalian skin. Genetic and pharmacologic experiments demonstrate that asymmetric cell divisions were increased in hyperproliferative conditions and decreased under hypoproliferative conditions. Further, active K-Ras also increased the frequency of asymmetric cell divisions. Disruption of spindle orientation in combination with constitutively active K-Ras resulted in massive tissue overgrowth. Together, these data highlight the essential roles of spindle orientation in buffering tissue homeostasis in response to perturbations.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Morrow, A; Underwood, J; Seldin, L; Hinnant, T; Lechler, T

Published Date

  • October 2, 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 8 /

PubMed ID

  • 31577227

Pubmed Central ID

  • 31577227

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2050-084X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.7554/eLife.48482

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England