TBCRC 030: A randomized phase II study of preoperative cisplatin versus paclitaxel in TNBC—Evaluating the homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) biomarker.
507 Background: Cisplatin (C) and paclitaxel (T) have activity in TNBC, however predictive biomarkers are lacking. The HRD assay detects impaired dsDNA break repair and may identify BRCA1/2-proficient tumors for treatment with DNA targeting therapies. TBCRC 030 was designed to determine the association between HRD and response to preoperative chemotherapy (CT) in TNBC. Methods: This phase II study randomized patients (pts) with BRCA1/2-proficient/unknown stage I-III TNBC to 12 weeks (wks) of preoperative C or T, followed by surgery. HRD was performed on baseline tissue, with positive scores > 33. Non-responders at 12 wks could crossover to alternative CT. The co-primary objectives were to detect a positive association of HRD with pathologic response (RCB 0-1) vs not (RCB 2-3) to C and a negative association to T. Target accrual of 160 pts was planned to yield 140 evaluable specimens for HRD, providing 90% power for the primary objectives. Analyses used logistic models and likelihood ratio tests with one-sided Type I errors of alpha = 0.05. Results: 140 pts initiated treatment, (72 Arm C, 68 Arm T; 81% T1-2, 62% node negative); 138 were evaluable for response at 12 wks. Post-enrollment testing showed 8 pts (5.8%) with germline DNA-repair pathway mutations. HRD results were available for 95 pts (68.8%, 23 inadequate tissue, 22 pending); 68 (71.6%) were HRD positive: 38 in Arm C, 30 in Arm T. In response-evaluable pts, 87 (63.0%) had surgery at 12 wks, and 51 (37.0%) crossed over. Response outcomes are shown in the Table. No association was seen between HRD score and RCB response to either neoadjuvant C (OR 2.78, [CI 0.61, 17.74]) or T (OR 0.98, CI [0.20, 5.06]). There was no evidence of an interaction between HRD and CT arms. Similarly, no association was observed between HRD score and pCR to either C (OR 1.47, CI [0.40, 5.59]) or T (OR 0.61, CI [0.14, 2.52]). There were no new safety signals. Conclusions: In this mostly BRCA1/2 proficient TNBC cohort, 12 wks of preoperative C or T led to a similar response rate of about 40%; baseline HRD was not predictive of response to preoperative CT, defined either by RCB 0-1 or pCR. Further data will be presented. Correlative analyses of research tissues for markers predictive of response to specific CT in TNBC is ongoing. Clinical trial information: NCT01982448. [Table: see text]
Mayer, EL; Abramson, VG; Jankowitz, RC; Falkson, CI; Marcom, PK; Traina, TA; Carey, LA; Rimawi, MF; Specht, JM; Miller, K; Stearns, V; Perou, CM; Richardson, AL; Tung, NM; Barry, WT; Tan-Wasielewski, Z; Timms, K; Hartman, A-R; Wolff, AC; Winer, EP
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