Pembrolizumab (pembro) plus docetaxel and prednisone in abiraterone (abi) or enzalutamide (enza)-pretreated patients (pts) with metastatic castrate resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC): Cohort B of the phase 1b/2 KEYNOTE-365 study.

Conference Paper

5029 Background: Pembro had activity as monotherapy in pretreated advanced mCRPC. Data are presented here from cohort B (pembro + docetaxel/prednisone) of KEYNOTE-365 (NCT02861573), a phase 1b/2 umbrella study to test combinations in mCRPC. Methods: Pts who progressed on or became intolerant to ≥4 wk of abi or enza in the prechemotherapy mCRPC state and progressed within 6 mo before screening were eligible. Pts received pembro 200 mg IV with docetaxel 75 mg/m2 IV Q3W plus prednisone 5 mg orally twice daily. The primary end points were safety and PSA response rate (confirmed PSA decrease ≥50%). Key secondary end points were investigator-determined ORR (RECIST v1.1), disease control rate (DCR: CR+PR+SD ≥6 mo), time to PSA progression, rPFS, and OS. Results: 72 pts (median age, 68 y; visceral disease, 36%; measurable disease, 50%) began pembro + docetaxel. Median (95% CI) follow-up was 10 (8-12) mo. Efficacy is outlined in the table. Treatment-related AEs occurred in 69 (96%) pts; most frequent (≥30%) were alopecia (43%), fatigue (40%), and diarrhea (39%). Grade 3-5 treatment-related AEs occurred in 27 (38%) pts, including 2 deaths from treatment-related AEs (pneumonitis). Most commonly reported immune-mediated AEs were infusion-related reactions (11%) and colitis (10%). Conclusions: Pembro + docetaxel/prednisone has activity in pts with mCRPC who previously progressed on second-generation hormone therapy. AEs were considered mild for the treatment combination. Clinical trial information: NCT02861573. [Table: see text]

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Massard, C; Retz, M; Hammerer, P; Quevedo, F; Fong, PCC; Berry, WR; Gurney, H; Piulats, JM; Joshua, AM; Linch, MD; Kolinsky, MP; Romano, E; Sridhar, SS; Conter, HJ; Augustin, M; Wu, H; Schloss, C; Poehlein, CH; Yu, EY

Published Date

  • May 20, 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 37 / 15_suppl

Start / End Page

  • 5029 - 5029

Published By

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1527-7755

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0732-183X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1200/jco.2019.37.15_suppl.5029