Preventing and Treating Heart Failure with Sodium-Glucose Co-Transporter 2 Inhibitors

Published

Journal Article (Review)

© 2019 Elsevier Inc. Heart failure is a common complication among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and is associated with significantly increased risks of subsequent morbidity and mortality. Until recently, therapies and strategies were lacking to attenuate this excess risk of heart failure in this population. Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors represent a unique class of glucose-lowering therapies that have multisystem health benefits. Three large cardiovascular outcomes trials have demonstrated consistent reductions in heart failure events among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with, or at risk for, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Another trial recently showed that an SGLT2 inhibitor, canagliflozin, also significantly reduced heart failure events among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and albuminuric chronic kidney disease. The SGLT2 inhibitor class represents an important new therapeutic approach for the prevention of heart failure in at-risk patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, and is actively being studied for use in treating patients with heart failure (with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus). (Supplementary video “Preventing and Treating Heart Failure with Sodium-Glucose Co-Transporter 2 Inhibitors” is available online.)

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Vaduganathan, M; Januzzi, JL

Published Date

  • October 1, 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 132 / 10

Start / End Page

  • S21 - S29

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1555-7162

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9343

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.amjmed.2019.08.008

Citation Source

  • Scopus