Tamoxifen Improves Glucose Tolerance in a Delivery-, Sex-, and Strain-Dependent Manner in Mice.
Tamoxifen, a selective estrogen-receptor modulator, is widely used in mouse models to temporally control gene expression but is also known to affect body composition. We report that tamoxifen has significant and sustained effects on glucose tolerance, independent of effects on insulin sensitivity, in mice. IP, but not oral, tamoxifen delivery improved glucose tolerance in three inbred mouse strains. The extent and persistence of tamoxifen-induced effects were sex and strain dependent. These findings highlight the need to revise commonly used tamoxifen-based protocols for gene manipulation in mice by including longer chase periods after injection, oral delivery, and the use of tamoxifen-treated littermate controls.
Ceasrine, AM; Ruiz-Otero, N; Lin, EE; Lumelsky, DN; Boehm, ED; Kuruvilla, R
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