Outcomes of surgery versus chemoradiotherapy in patients with clinical or pathologic stage N3 non-small cell lung cancer.
BACKGROUND: Because surgery is rarely recommended, there is minimal literature comparing the outcomes of surgery and chemoradiation in stage N3 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We examined the outcomes of definitive chemoradiation versus multimodality therapy, including surgery, for patients with clinical and pathologic stage N3 NSCLC. METHODS: The National Cancer Database was used to identify patients with clinical stage T1 to T3 N3 M0 NSCLC and clinical stage T1 to T3 Nx M0 with pathologic stage N3 NSCLC who were treated with either definitive chemoradiation or surgery between 2004-2015. A 1:1 propensity score-matched analysis was used to compare outcomes for both treatment groups in each analysis. The primary outcome was overall survival. RESULTS: In 935 matched patient pairs with clinical stage N3 NSCLC, surgery was associated with worse survival (hazard ratio, 1.52; 95% confidence interval, 1.12-2.05) compared with chemoradiation at 6 months, but was associated with a significant survival benefit after 6 months (hazard ratio, 0.54; confidence interval, 0.47-0.63) in multivariable analysis. In 281 pairs of patients with pN3 NSCLC, surgery had similar survival compared with chemoradiation at 6 months (hazard ratio, 1.71; 95% confidence interval, 0.92-3.19), but was associated with improved survival after 6 months (hazard ratio, 0.76; 95% confidence interval, 0.58-0.99). The complete resection rate was 80% and 73% for patients with clinical stage N3 and pathologic stage N3 disease, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with clinical or pathologic stage N3 NSCLC, surgery is associated with similar or worse short-term but improved long-term survival compared with chemoradiation. In a selected group of patients with stage N3 NSCLC, surgery may have a role in multimodal therapy.
Raman, V; Jawitz, OK; Yang, C-FJ; Voigt, SL; Wang, H; D'Amico, TA; Harpole, DH; Tong, BC
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