Pharmacodynamic Markers of LRRK2 Inhibition in Biofluids
Hyper-activated LRRK2 is linked to Parkinson’s disease susceptibility and progression. Quantitative measures of LRRK2 inhibition, especially in the brain, may be critical in the clinical development of successful LRRK2-targeting therapeutics. In this study, three different brain-penetrant and selective LRRK2 small-molecule kinase inhibitors (PFE-360, MLi2, and RA283) were orally administered to groups of cynomolgus macaques at different doses. Biofluid markers with proposed pharmacodynamic properties for assessing LRRK2 inhibition were measured from samples of blood, urine, and cerebral-spinal fluid (CSF). LRRK2 kinase inhibition led to consistent reduced pS935-LRRK2 and pRab10 proteins in blood mononuclear cells, reduced exosome LRRK2 protein and di-docosahexaenoyl (22:6) bis (monoacylglycerol) phosphate in urine, and reduced exosome LRRK2 and autophosphorylated pS1292-LRRK2 protein in CSF. Incomplete LRRK2 kinase inhibition reduced LRRK2 protein secretion in exosomes whereas high drug exposures may reduce both exosome and tissue levels of LRRK2 protein. These orthogonal markers for LRRK2 inhibition in urine and CSF can be used in combination with blood markers to non-invasively monitor the potency of LRRK2-targeting therapeutics in the brain and periphery.
Wang, S; Kelly, K; Schussler, N; Boularand, S; Dubois, L; Hsieh, F; Tengstrand, E; Brotchie, J; Koprich, J; West, A
Pubmed Central ID
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)