Evolution of the World Health Organization's programmatic actions to control diarrheal diseases.

Published

Journal Article

The Program for the Control of Diarrheal Diseases (CDD) of the World Health Organization (WHO) was created in 1978, the year the Health for All Strategy was launched at the Alma Ata International Conference on Primary Health Care. CDD quickly became one of the pillars of this strategy, with its primary goal of reducing diarrhea-associated mortality among infants and young children in developing countries. WHO expanded the previous cholera-focused unit into one that addressed all diarrheal diseases, and uniquely combined support to research and to national CDD Programs. We describe the history of the Program, summarize the results of the research it supported, and illustrate the outcome of the Program's control efforts at country and global levels. We then relate the subsequent evolution of the Program to an approach that was more technically broad and programmatically narrow and describe how this affected diarrheal diseases-related activities globally and in countries.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wolfheim, C; Fontaine, O; Merson, M

Published Date

  • December 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 020802 -

PubMed ID

  • 31673346

Pubmed Central ID

  • 31673346

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2047-2986

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.7189/jogh.09.020802

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Scotland