Presenting Risks and Benefits: Helping the Data Monitoring Committee Do Its Job.
Data monitoring committees (DMCs), or data and safety monitoring boards, protect clinical trial participants by conducting benefit-risk assessments during the course of a clinical trial. These evaluations may be improved by broader access to data and more effective analyses and presentation. Data monitoring committees should have access to all data, including efficacy data, at each interim review. The DMC reports should include graphical presentations that summarize benefits and harms in efficient ways. Benefit-risk assessments should include summaries that are consistent with the intention-to-treat principle and have a pragmatic focus. This article provides examples of graphical summaries that integrate benefits and harms, and proposes that such summaries become standard in DMC reports.
Evans, SR; Bigelow, R; Chuang-Stein, C; Ellenberg, SS; Gallo, P; He, W; Jiang, Q; Rockhold, F
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