The clinical significance of c-Kit mutations in metastatic oral mucosal melanoma in China
c-Kit mutations are frequently detected in mucosal melanomas, but their clinical significance in metastatic oral mucosal melanomas (OMM) remains unclear. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical and pathological features of metastatic OMMs with c-Kit mutations and the efficiency of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib in treating metastatic OMMs. We found thatresidual primary lesion and neck lymph nodes could act as independent prognostic factors in metastatic OMM patients. c-Kit mutations were detected in 22 out of 139 (15.8%) metastatic OMM patients. Under chemotherapy, the overall survival (OS) of c-Kit mutant patients was significantly shorter than that of wild-type patients. The Ki67 expression was significantly higher in c-Kit mutant patients than in wild-type patients. In distant metastatic OMM patients with c-Kit mutations, the treatment with c-Kit inhibitor resulted in a better OS. In conclusion, residual primary lesion, cervical lymph nodes and c-Kit mutations act as adverse prognostic factors of metastatic OMMs. The Kit inhibitor imatinib could benefit metastatic OMM patients with c-Kit mutations.
Ma, X; Wu, Y; Zhang, T; Song, H; Jv, H; Guo, W; Ren, G
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