Longitudinal associations between BMI change and the risks of colorectal cancer incidence, cancer-relate and all-cause mortality among 81,388 older adults : BMI change and the risks of colorectal cancer incidence and mortality.

Published online

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: It remains controversial whether weight change could influence the risks of colorectal cancer (CRC) and mortality. This study aimed to quantify the associations between full-spectrum changes in body mass index (BMI) and the risks of colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence, cancer-related and all-cause mortality among midlife to elder population. METHODS: A total of 81,388 participants who were free of cancer and aged 55 to 74 years from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian (PLCO) screening program were involved. The percentage change of BMI was calculated as (BMI in 2006 - BMI at baseline)/BMI at baseline, and was categorized into nine groups: decrease (≥ 15.0%, 10.0-14.9%, 5.0-9.9%, 2.5-4.9%), stable (decrease/increase < 2.5%), increase (2.5-4.9%, 5.0-9.9%, 10.0-14.9%, ≥ 15.0%). The associations between percentage change in BMI from study enrolment to follow-up (median: 9.1 years) and the risks of CRC and mortality were evaluated using Cox proportional hazard regression models. RESULTS: After 2006, there were 241 new CRC cases, 648 cancer-related deaths, and 2361 all-cause deaths identified. Overall, the associations between BMI change and CRC incidence and cancer-related mortality, respectively, were not statistically significant. Compared with participants whose BMI were stable, individuals who had a decrease in BMI were at increased risk of all-cause mortality, and the HRs were 1.21 (95% CI: 1.03-1.42), 1.65 (95% CI: 1.44-1.89), 1.84 (95% CI: 1.56-2.17), and 2.84 (95% CI: 2.42-3.35) for 2.5-4.9%, 5.0-9.9%, 10.0-14.9%, and ≥ 15.0% decrease in BMI, respectively. An L-shaped association between BMI change and all-cause mortality was observed. Every 5% decrease in BMI was associated with a 27% increase in the risk of all-cause mortality (HR = 1.27, 95% CI: 1.22-1.31, p < 0.001). The results from subgroups showed similar trends. CONCLUSIONS: A decrease in BMI more than 5% shows a significantly increased risk of all-cause mortality among older individuals; but no significant association between increase in BMI and all-cause mortality. These findings emphasize the importance of body weight management in older population, and more studies are warranted to evaluate the cause-and-effect relationship between changes in BMI and cancer incidence/mortality.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Li, J-B; Luo, S; Wong, MCS; Li, C; Feng, L-F; Peng, J-H; Li, J-H; Zhang, X

Published Date

  • November 11, 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 19 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 1082 -

PubMed ID

  • 31711465

Pubmed Central ID

  • 31711465

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1471-2407

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1186/s12885-019-6299-4

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England