A flexible aqueous Al ion rechargeable full battery
© 2019 Elsevier B.V. With the fast development of flexible and wearable electronics, the design of secondary energy storage system based on aqueous metal ion battery with outstanding flexibility, safety and low cost is critical for their practical application. As low-cost alternatives to lithium ion battery, multivalent metal ion technologies including Mg2+, Zn2+, Ca2+, and Al3+ are investigated increasingly in the past few years. The investigation based on Al-ion chemistry is also underway considering the aluminum's advantages of natural abundance, small ion size together with three-electron-redox properties. Herein, a flexible aqueous Al-ion battery is successfully fabricated for the first time with copper hexacyanoferrate cathode and polypyrrole (PPy) coated MoO3 anode sandwiched by gel electrolyte. The as-assembled Al-ion battery based on intercalation chemistry exhibits an excellent cycling stability of 83.2% capacity retention after 100 cycles and good rate capability benefiting from the conductive PPy coating layer on MoO3 anode. Besides, the battery demonstrates impressive flexibility and safety to sustain various deformations and mechanical abuse including bending, squeezing, folding, twisting as well as arbitrary drilling and tailoring into any desired shapes. Obviously, the flexible aqueous Al-ion battery developed in this study paves the way of multivalent metal ion battery as energy storage device towards various wearable electronics.
Wang, P; Chen, Z; Ji, Z; Feng, Y; Wang, J; Liu, J; Hu, M; Wang, H; Gan, W; Huang, Y
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