Disparities in the use of antenatal corticosteroids among women with hypertension in North Carolina.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate antenatal corticosteroids (ANS) use in pregnant women with hypertension. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of ANS use in the Perinatal Quality Collaborative of North Carolina between 2015 and 2017. RESULTS: Twenty-five centers participated, with 9% (1580/17,692) of mothers delivering at <34 weeks; of these, 81% (1286/1580) received a full course of ANS, which was not different between phases (p = 0.32), or between Level III/IV neonatal intensive care units (NICUs; 82%), and I/II NICUs (76%) (p = 0.05). In Level III/IV NICUs, White mothers were more likely to receive ANS (87%) than African Americans (77%) or other race/ethnicity (80%) (including Hispanics) (p = 0.001). ANS use did not differ among mothers with different payers (p = 0.94). CONCLUSION: The rates of full ANS courses did not significantly increase from 2015-2017 and disparities persisted. Targeted efforts to improve ANS exposures among hypertensive African American and Hispanic mothers, as well as in community hospital settings are needed.
Puia-Dumitrescu, M; Greenberg, RG; Younge, N; Bidegain, M; Cotten, CM; McCaffrey, M; Murtha, A; Gutierrez, S; DeJoseph, J; Cochran, KM; Ollendorff, A
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