Butterfly-Net2: Simplified Butterfly-Net and Fourier Transform Initialization

Journal Article

Structured CNN designed using the prior information of problems potentially improves efficiency over conventional CNNs in various tasks in solving PDEs and inverse problems in signal processing. This paper introduces BNet2, a simplified Butterfly-Net and inline with the conventional CNN. Moreover, a Fourier transform initialization is proposed for both BNet2 and CNN with guaranteed approximation power to represent the Fourier transform operator. Experimentally, BNet2 and the Fourier transform initialization strategy are tested on various tasks, including approximating Fourier transform operator, end-to-end solvers of linear and nonlinear PDEs, and denoising and deblurring of 1D signals. On all tasks, under the same initialization, BNet2 achieves similar accuracy as CNN but has fewer parameters. And Fourier transform initialized BNet2 and CNN consistently improve the training and testing accuracy over the randomly initialized CNN.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Xu, Z; Li, Y; Cheng, X

Published Date

  • December 9, 2019