Markers of mineral metabolism and vascular access complications: The Choices for Healthy Outcomes in Caring for ESRD (CHOICE) study.
INTRODUCTION: Vascular access dysfunction is a major cause of morbidity in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on chronic hemodialysis. The effects of abnormalities in mineral metabolism on vascular access are unclear. In this study, we evaluated the association of mineral metabolites, including 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) and fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23), with vascular access complications. METHODS: We included participants from the Choices for Healthy Outcomes in Caring for ESRD (CHOICE) Study who were using an arteriovenous fistula (AVF; n = 103) or arteriovenous graft (AVG; n = 116). Serum levels of 25(OH)D, FGF-23, parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium, phosphorus, C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were assessed from stored samples. Participants were followed for up to 1 year or until a vascular access intervention or replacement. FINDINGS: A total of 24 participants using an AVF and 43 participants using an AVG experienced access intervention. Those with 25(OH)D level in the lowest tertile (<11 ng/mL) had an increased risk of AVF intervention compared to those with higher 25(OH)D levels (adjusted relative hazard [aHR] = 3.28; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.31, 8.20). The highest tertile of FGF-23 (>3750 RU/mL) was associated with greater risk of AVF intervention (aHR = 2.56; 95% CI: 1.06, 6.18). Higher PTH was associated with higher risk of AVF intervention (aHR = 1.64 per SD of log(PTH); 95% CI: 1.02, 2.62). These associations were not observed in participants using an AVG. None of the other analytes were significantly associated with AVF or AVG intervention. DISCUSSION: Low levels of 25(OH)D and high levels of FGF-23 and PTH are associated with increased risk of AVF intervention. Abnormalities in mineral metabolism are risk factors for vascular access dysfunction and potential therapeutic targets to improve outcomes.
Gardezi, AI; Karim, MS; Rosenberg, JE; Scialla, JJ; Banerjee, T; Powe, NR; Shafi, T; Parekh, RS; Yevzlin, AS; Astor, BC
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