Meniscus-Derived Matrix Bioscaffolds: Effects of Concentration and Cross-Linking on Meniscus Cellular Responses and Tissue Repair.
Meniscal injuries, particularly in the avascular zone, have a low propensity for healing and are associated with the development of osteoarthritis. Current meniscal repair techniques are limited to specific tear types and have significant risk for failure. In previous work, we demonstrated the ability of meniscus-derived matrix (MDM) scaffolds to augment the integration and repair of an in vitro meniscus defect. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of percent composition and dehydrothermal (DHT) or genipin cross-linking of MDM bioscaffolds on primary meniscus cellular responses and integrative meniscus repair. In all scaffolds, the porous microenvironment allowed for exogenous cell infiltration and proliferation, as well as endogenous meniscus cell migration. The genipin cross-linked scaffolds promoted extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition and/or retention. The shear strength of integrative meniscus repair was improved with increasing percentages of MDM and genipin cross-linking. Overall, the 16% genipin cross-linked scaffolds were most effective at enhancing integrative meniscus repair. The ability of the genipin cross-linked scaffolds to attract endogenous meniscus cells, promote glycosaminoglycan and collagen deposition, and enhance integrative meniscus repair reveals that these MDM scaffolds are promising tools to augment meniscus healing.
Lyons, LP; Hidalgo Perea, S; Weinberg, JB; Wittstein, JR; McNulty, AL
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