Management of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome/Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis: a Review and Update
© 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. Purpose of Review: This review highlights current concepts in the management of Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis (SJS/TEN). Recent Findings: A new scoring system, the ABCD-10, was recently developed to better estimate mortality among SJS/TEN patients. Supportive care remains the mainstay of treatment, and includes wound care, fluid and electrolyte management, management of medical co-morbidities, and infection control. The value of adjuvant therapy remains unclear, but new recent retrospective studies suggest that the combination therapies may be efficacious. Recent prospective studies investigating cyclosporine and etanercept have shown promise in the treatment of SJS/TEN. Summary: SJS and TEN are severe mucocutaneous drug reactions associated with high morbidity and mortality. Supportive care is the most universally accepted therapy, although specific strategies may vary among institutions. Adjuvant therapies include corticosteroids, IVIG, cyclosporine, TNF alpha inhibitors, and plasmapheresis but prospective data is still lacking. Clinical trials that may better elucidate their efficacy are currently under way.
Coias, JL; Abbas, LF; Cardones, AR
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