Pharmacological inhibition of TAK1, with the selective inhibitor takinib, alleviates clinical manifestation of arthritis in CIA mice.
OBJECTIVES: To examine the ability of takinib, a selective transforming growth factor beta-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) inhibitor, to reduce the severity of murine type II collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), and to affect function of synovial cells. METHODS: Following the induction of CIA, mice were treated daily with takinib (50 mg/kg) and clinical scores assessed. Thirty-six days post-CIA induction, histology was performed on various joints of treated and vehicle-treated animals. Inflammation, pannus, cartilage damage, bone resorption, and periosteal bone formation were quantified. Furthermore, pharmacokinetics of takinib were evaluated by LC-MS in various tissues. Rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RA-FLS) cells were cultured with 10 μM takinib and cytokine secretion analyzed by cytokine/chemokine proteome array. Cytotoxicity of takinib for RA-FLS was measured with 24 to 48 h cultures in the presence or absence of tumor necrosis factor (TNF). RESULTS: Here, we show takinib's ability to reduce the clinical score in the CIA mouse model of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) (p < 0.001). TAK1 inhibition reduced inflammation (p < 0.01), cartilage damage (p < 0.01), pannus, bone resorption, and periosteal bone formation and periosteal bone width in all joints of treated mice compared to vehicle treated. Significant reduction of inflammation (p < 0.004) and cartilage damage (p < 0.004) were observed in the knees of diseased treated animals, with moderate reduction seen in the forepaws and hind paws. Furthermore, the pharmacokinetics of takinib show rapid plasma clearance (t½ = 21 min). In stimulated RA-FLS cells, takinib reduced GROα, G-CSF, and ICAM-1 pro-inflammatory cytokine signaling. CONCLUSION: Our findings support the hypothesis that TAK1 targeted therapy represents a novel therapeutic axis to treat RA and other inflammatory diseases.
Scarneo, SA; Eibschutz, LS; Bendele, PJ; Yang, KW; Totzke, J; Hughes, P; Fox, DA; Haystead, TAJ
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