Touch-Spun Nanofibers for Nerve Regeneration.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

In the current study, we examined the potential for neural stem cell (NSCs) proliferation on novel aligned touch-spun polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibers. Electrospun PCL nanofibers with similar diameter and alignment were used as a control. Confocal microscopy images showed that NSCs grew and differentiated all over the scaffolds up to 8 days. Neurite quantification analysis revealed that the NSCs cultured on the touch-spun fibers with incorporated bovine serum albumin promoted the expression of neuron-specific class III β-tubulin after 8 days. More importantly, NSCs grown on the aligned touch-spun PCL fibers exhibited a bipolar elongation along the direction of the fiber, while NSCs cultured on the aligned electrospun PCL fibers expressed a multipolar elongation. The structural characteristics of the PCL nanofibers analyzed by X-ray diffraction indicated that the degree of crystallinity and elastic modulus of the touch-spun fiber are significantly higher than those of electrospun fibers. These findings indicate that the aligned and stiff touch-spun nanofibrous scaffolds show considerable potential for nerve injury repair.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lee, S-J; Asheghali, D; Blevins, B; Timsina, R; Esworthy, T; Zhou, X; Cui, H; Hann, SY; Qiu, X; Tokarev, A; Minko, S; Zhang, LG

Published Date

  • January 3, 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 12 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 2067 - 2075

PubMed ID

  • 31859479

Pubmed Central ID

  • 31859479

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1944-8252

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1944-8244

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/acsami.9b18614

Language

  • eng