Targeting specific PDZ domains of PSD-95; structural basis for enhanced affinity and enzymatic stability of a cyclic peptide.
A cyclic peptide, Tyr-Lys-c[-Lys-Thr-Glu(betaAla)-]-Val, incorporating a beta-Ala lactam side chain linker and designed to target the PDZ domains of the postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD-95), has been synthesized and structurally characterized by NMR while free and bound to the PDZ1 domain of PSD-95. While bound, the lactam linker of the peptide makes a number of unique contacts outside the canonical PDZ binding motif, providing a novel target for PDZ-domain specificity as well as producing a 10-fold enhancement in binding affinity. Additionally, the cyclization greatly enhances the enzymatic stability, increasing the duration that the peptide inhibits the association between PSD-95 and glutamate receptors, effectively inhibiting the clustering of kainate receptors for over 14 hr after application. Highly specific regulation of kainate receptor action may provide a novel route for treatment of drug addiction and epilepsy.
Piserchio, A; Salinas, GD; Li, T; Marshall, J; Spaller, MR; Mierke, DF
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