Galphao/i-stimulated proteosomal degradation of RGS20: a mechanism for temporal integration of Gs and Gi pathways.
The G(s) and G(i) pathways interact to control the levels of intracellular cAMP. Although coincident signaling through G(s) and G(i)-coupled receptors can attenuate G(s)-stimulated cAMP levels, it is not known if prior activation of the G(i) pathway can affect signaling by G(s)-coupled receptors. We have found that activated Galpha(o/i) interact with RGS20, a GTPase activating protein for members of the Galpha(omicron/i) family. Interaction between Galpha(o/i) and RGS20 results in decreased cellular levels of RGS20. This decrease was induced by activated Galpha(o) and Galpha(i2) but not by Galpha(q), Galpha(i1) or Galpha(i3.) The Galpha(o/i)-induced decrease in RGS20 can be blocked by proteasomal inhibitors lactacystin or MG132. Activated Galpha(o) stimulates the ubiquitination of RGS20. The serotonin-1A receptor that couples to G(o/i) reduces the levels of RGS20 and this effect is blocked by lactacystin, suggesting that G(o/i) promotes the degradation of RGS20. Expression of RGS20 attenuates the inhibition of beta-adrenergic receptor-induced cAMP levels mediated by the serotonin-1A receptor. Prior activation of the serotonin-1A receptor results in loss of the RGS20-mediated attenuation, and the loss of attenuation is blocked when lactacystin is included during the prior treatment. These observations suggest that G(o/i)-coupled receptors, by stimulating the degradation of RGS20, can regulate how subsequent activation of the G(s) and G(i) pathways controls cellular cAMP levels, thus allowing for signal integration.
Pagano, M; Jordan, JD; Neves, SR; Nguyen, T; Iyengar, R
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