Regulators of G protein signaling proteins as determinants of the rate of desensitization of presynaptic calcium channels.
Norepinephrine inhibits omega-conotoxin GVIA-sensitive presynaptic Ca2+ channels in chick dorsal root ganglion neurons through two pathways, one mediated by Go and the other by Gi. These pathways desensitize at different rates. We have found that recombinant Galpha interacting protein (GAIP) and regulators of G protein signaling (RGS)4 selectively accelerate the rate of desensitization of Go- and Gi-mediated pathways, respectively. Blockade of endogenous RGS proteins using antibodies raised against Galpha interacting protein and RGS4 slows the rate of desensitization of these pathways in a selective manner. These results demonstrate that different RGS proteins may interact with Gi and Go selectively, giving rise to distinct time courses of transmitter-mediated effects.
Diversé-Pierluissi, MA; Fischer, T; Jordan, JD; Schiff, M; Ortiz, DF; Farquhar, MG; De Vries, L
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