Effectiveness of catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation according to heart failure etiology.

Published online

Journal Article

Background: Catheter ablation is an important rhythm control therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) with concomitant heart failure (HF). The objective of this study was to assess the comparative efficacy of AF ablation patients with ischemic vs nonischemic heart failure. Methods: We conducted a retrospective, observational cohort study of patients with HF who underwent AF ablation. Outcomes were compared based on HF etiology and included in-hospital events, symptoms (Mayo AF Symptom Inventory [MAFSI]), and functional status (New York Heart Association class) and freedom from atrial arrhythmias at 12 months. Results: Among 242 patients (n = 70 [29%] ischemic, n = 172 [71%] nonischemic), patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy were younger (mean age 64 ± 11.5 vs 69 ± 9.1, P = .002), more often female (36% vs 17%, P = .004), and had higher mean left-ventricular ejection fraction (47% vs 42%, P = .0007). There were no significant differences in periprocedural characteristics, including mean procedure time (243 ± 74.2 vs 259 ± 81.8 minutes, P = .1) and nonleft atrial ablation (17% vs 20%, P = .6). All-cause adverse events were similar in each group (15% vs 17%, P = .7). NYHA and MAFSI scores improved significantly at follow-up and did not differ according to HF etiology (P = .5; P = .10-1.00 after Bonferroni correction). There were no significant differences in freedom from recurrent atrial arrhythmia at 12-months between ischemic (74%) and nonischemic patients (78%): adjusted RR 0.63, 95% confidence interval 0.33-1.19. Conclusions: Catheter ablation in patients with AF and concomitant heart failure leads to significant improvements in functional and symptom status without significant differences between patients with ischemic vs nonischemic HF etiology.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Black-Maier, E; Steinberg, BA; Trulock, KM; Wang, F; Lokhnygina, Y; O'Neal, W; Al-Khatib, S; Atwater, BD; Daubert, JP; Frazier-Mills, C; Hegland, DD; Jackson, KP; Jackson, LR; Koontz, JI; Lewis, RK; Sun, AY; Thomas, KL; Bahnson, TD; Piccini, JP

Published Date

  • February 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 36 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 84 - 92

PubMed ID

  • 32071625

Pubmed Central ID

  • 32071625

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1880-4276

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/joa3.12291

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Japan