Bloodstream Infection Due to Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus Is Associated With Increased Mortality After Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Acute Leukemia and Myelodysplastic Syndrome: A Multicenter, Retrospective Cohort Study.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Multicenter Study)

BACKGROUND: We examined the impact of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) bloodstream infection (BSI) on outcomes of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) utilizing the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research database. METHODS: Adult and pediatric patients (N = 7128) who underwent first HCT for acute leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome from 2008 through 2012 were analyzed as 3 groups-VRE BSI, non-VRE BSI, without BSI-according to BSI status at 100 days (D100) after allogeneic HCT. Multivariable models examined the effect of VRE BSI for overall survival (OS) and nonrelapse mortality (NRM) at 1 year. RESULTS: Of 7128 patients, 258 (3.2%) had VRE BSI, 2398 (33.6%) had non-VRE BSI, and 4472 (63%) had no BSI. The median time to VRE BSI and non-VRE BSI were D11 and D15, respectively. Compared with non-VRE BSI patients, VRE BSI patients were older, had advanced-stage acute leukemia, and received umbilical cord blood (UCB) allografts. In multivariable models, VRE BSI was associated with lower OS (relative risk [RR], 2.9;(99% confidence interval [CI], 2.2-3.7) and increased NRM (RR, 4.7; 99% CI, 3.6-6.2) (P < .0001) for both. Other predictors for worse OS and increased NRM were non-VRE BSI, older age, advanced disease stage, UCB allograft, - mismatch, comorbidity index ≥3, and cytomegalovirus seropositivity (P < .001 for all variables). CONCLUSIONS: VRE BSI is associated with lowest OS and highest NRM compared with patients without BSI or non-VRE BSI. Novel interventions that address the pathophysiology of VRE BSI have the potential of improving survival after HCT.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Papanicolaou, GA; Ustun, C; Young, J-AH; Chen, M; Kim, S; Woo Ahn, K; Komanduri, K; Lindemans, C; Auletta, JJ; Riches, ML; CIBMTR® Infection and Immune Reconstitution Working Committee,

Published Date

  • October 30, 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 69 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 1771 - 1779

PubMed ID

  • 30649224

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC6821199

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1537-6591

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/cid/ciz031


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States