Allosteric inhibition of kinesin-5 modulates its processive directional motility.

Published

Journal Article

Small-molecule inhibitors of kinesin-5 (refs. 1-3), a protein essential for eukaryotic cell division, represent alternatives to antimitotic agents that target tubulin. While tubulin is needed for multiple intracellular processes, the known functions of kinesin-5 are limited to dividing cells, making it likely that kinesin-5 inhibitors would have fewer side effects than do tubulin-targeting drugs. Kinesin-5 inhibitors, such as monastrol, act through poorly understood allosteric mechanisms, not competing with ATP binding. Moreover, the microscopic mechanism of full-length kinesin-5 motility is not known. Here we characterize the motile properties and allosteric inhibition of Eg5, a vertebrate kinesin-5, using a GFP fusion protein in single-molecule fluorescence assays. We find that Eg5 is a processive kinesin whose motility includes, in addition to ATP-dependent directional motion, a diffusive component not requiring ATP hydrolysis. Monastrol suppresses the directional processive motility of microtubule-bound Eg5. These data on Eg5's allosteric inhibition will impact these inhibitors' use as probes and development as chemotherapeutic agents.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kwok, BH; Kapitein, LC; Kim, JH; Peterman, EJG; Schmidt, CF; Kapoor, TM

Published Date

  • September 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 2 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 480 - 485

PubMed ID

  • 16892050

Pubmed Central ID

  • 16892050

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1552-4469

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1552-4450

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/nchembio812

Language

  • eng