Effect of Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction on Perioperative Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Hip Fracture Surgery.
INTRODUCTION: Heart failure is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in hip fracture surgery. The impact of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is poorly understood in this population. We designed a study to evaluate national perioperative outcomes in hip fracture for patients with HFpEF. METHODS: Patients with hip fracture undergoing total hip arthroplasty, hemiarthroplasty, or open/closed reduction with internal and external fixation from January 2005 to December 2013 were identified using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Inpatient outcomes during the index hospitalization were compared between patients without heart failure and with HFpEF. Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction was included as a secondary comparator. Perioperative major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs), defined as in-hospital all-cause death, acute myocardial infarction, and in-hospital cardiac arrest or acute ischemic stroke, were evaluated. RESULTS: Among 2,020,712 hospitalizations for hip fracture surgery, perioperative MACCE occurred in 67,554 hospitalizations (3.3%), corresponding to an annual incidence of approximately 7,506 events after applying sample weights. Compared with patients without heart failure, patients with HFpEF experienced increased odds of MACCE, adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.69; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.51 to 1.89. In comparison, the aOR of experiencing a MACCE event in the heart failure with reduced ejection fraction group was 1.75 (95% CI, 1.57 to 1.96). HFpEF was also associated with increased odds of acute respiratory failure (aOR, 1.71; 95% CI, 1.53 to 1.91) and acute renal failure (aOR, 1.52; 95% CI, 1.41 to 1.64). CONCLUSION: HFpEF confers a significant perioperative risk of MACCE in patients undergoing hip fracture surgery.
Bohsali, F; Klimpl, D; Baumgartner, R; Sieber, F; Eid, SM
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