Improving brain function of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients after induction chemotherapy, a pilot self-contrast study by fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation.
Our previous study revealed altered resting-stated brain function in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) on new-onset stage. To investigate the effects after induction chemotherapy, a pilot self-contrast study was conducted to compare the difference in resting-stated brain function between pre- and post-induction chemotherapy of ALL. Fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) was employed for fMRI data analysis. Clinical and resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI) data of 14 new-onset pediatric ALL patients were collected before and after 3 months of induction chemotherapy. Fourteen age- and gender-matched healthy controls (HCs) were recruited for comparison. Before induction chemotherapy, fALFF values of ALL patients decreased globally, especially in the default mode network (DMN), left frontal lobe, left occipital lobe, and bilateral postcentral gyri as compared to HCs. After induction chemotherapy, fALFF values of ALL patients decreased significantly in the bilateral cuneus, left lingual and calcarine gyri, and left mid frontal gyrus. Paired-sample t-tests and self-contrast analysis showed fALFF increased in the left precuneus, bilateral cuneus, left occipital lobe, bilateral frontal gyri, and bilateral temporal lobes, whereas fALFF in the bilateral precuneus decreased in the ALL patients after induction, which suggests potential side-effects of the treatment. The alteration of fALFF values suggested that resting brain function was impaired before induction chemotherapy and mostly recovered after treatment. This study suggested that fALFF is a reliable and feasible tool in detecting spontaneous brain activity to monitor early neurocognitive impairments in pediatric ALL to better understand the underlying neurobiological mechanisms of chemotherapy on the brain.
Zou, D; Wen, F; Zeng, H; Mai, H; Yuan, X; Wang, L; Li, Y; Liu, L; Liu, S; Liu, G
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