Immunological and short-term brain volume changes in relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis treated with interferon beta-1a subcutaneously three times weekly: an open-label two-arm trial.

Published online

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Brain volume atrophy is observed in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). METHODS: Brain volume changes were evaluated in 23 patients with RRMS treated with interferon β-1a 44 μg given subcutaneously (SC) three times a week (tiw) and 15 healthy controls. Percentages of whole brain and tissue-specific volume change were measured from baseline (0 months) to 3 months, from 3 to 6 months, and from baseline to 6 months using SIENAX Multi Time Point (SX-MTP) algorithms. Immunological status of patients was also determined and correlations between subsets of T cells and changes in brain volume were assessed. RESULTS: Interferon β-1a 44 μg SC tiw in 23 patients with RRMS resulted in significant reductions in whole brain and gray matter tissue volume early in the treatment course (baseline to 3 months; mean change; -0.95%; P = 0.030, -1.52%; P = 0.004, respectively), suggesting a short-term treatment-induced pseudoatrophy effect. From baseline to 6 months, there were significant correlations observed between decreased T- cell expression of IL-17 F and decreased whole brain and brain tissue-specific volume. CONCLUSIONS: These findings are consistent with the interpretation of the pseudoatrophy effect as resolution of inflammation following treatment initiation with interferon β-1a 44 μg SC tiw, rather than disease-related tissue loss. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov; NCT01085318.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Dwyer, MG; Zivadinov, R; Tao, Y; Zhang, X; Kennedy, C; Bergsland, N; Ramasamy, DP; Durfee, J; Hojnacki, D; Weinstock-Guttman, B; Hayward, B; Dangond, F; Markovic-Plese, S

Published Date

  • November 11, 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 15 /

Start / End Page

  • 232 -

PubMed ID

  • 26559139

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26559139

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1471-2377

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1186/s12883-015-0488-9

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England