Low-grade Appendiceal Mucinous Neoplasm and Endometriosis: Incidental Coincident Pathologies at Cesarean Section.
Incidental pathologic findings at the time of Cesarean section are exceedingly uncommon. Similarly, occult low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasms and other noninflammatory, non-neoplastic appendiceal pathologies are rare, although appendiceal neoplasia, most commonly well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors, may be found during evaluation of acute appendicitis. Here we report the first case of incidental coincident low-grade appendiceal mucinous tumor and endometriosis involving the appendix at the time of Cesarean section. We highlight pitfalls in the histopathologic evaluation of these processes, particularly given the setting of decidualization of ectopic endometrial stroma, as well as the prognostic implications of low-grade appendiceal mucinous tumors to emphasize the importance of clinicopathologic correlation and careful intraoperative examination of the appendix and other visible structures during Cesarean section.
Yohannes, N; Watkins, JC; Weeks, AG; Osmundson, SS; Shi, C; Kovach, AE
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