Hyposmotic activation of ICl,swell in rabbit nonpigmented ciliary epithelial cells involves increased ClC-3 trafficking to the plasma membrane.
In mammalian nonpigmented ciliary epithelial (NPE) cells, hyposmotic stimulation leading to cell swelling activates an outwardly rectifying Cl(-) conductance (I(Cl,swell)), which, in turn, results in regulatory volume decrease. The aim of this study was to determine whether increased trafficking of intracellular ClC-3 Cl channels to the plasma membrane could contribute to the I(Cl,swell) following hyposmotic stimulation. Our results demonstrate that hyposmotic stimulation reversibly activates an outwardly rectifying Cl(-) current that is inhibited by phorbol-12-dibutyrate and niflumic acid. Transfection with ClC-3 antisense, but not sense, oligonucleotides reduced ClC-3 expression as well as I(Cl,swell). Intracellular dialysis with 2 different ClC-3 antibodies abolished activation of I(Cl,swell). Immunofluorescence microscopy showed that hyposmotic stimulation increased ClC-3 immunoreactivity at the plasma membrane. To determine whether this increased expression of ClC-3 at the plasma membrane could be due to increased vesicular trafficking, we examined membrane dynamics with the fluorescent membrane dye FM1-43. Hyposmotic stimulation rapidly increased the rate of exocytosis, which, along with ICl,swell, was inhibited by the phosphoinositide-3-kinase inhibitor wortmannin and the microtubule disrupting agent, nocodazole. These findings suggest that ClC-3 channels contribute to I(Cl,swell) following hyposmotic stimulation through increased trafficking of channels to the plasma membrane.
Vessey, JP; Shi, C; Jollimore, CA; Stevens, KT; Coca-Prados, M; Barnes, S; Kelly, ME
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