Association of Implantable Device Measured Physical Activity With Hospitalization for Heart Failure.

Published

Journal Article

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of physical activity (PA) level and longitudinal PA trajectory with a composite heart failure hospitalization and mortality endpoint over a 5-year follow-up period following implantation. BACKGROUND: Low device measured PA early after implantation of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) or cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator (CRT-D) is associated with poor outcomes. METHODS: We linked daily PA data from the Boston Scientific ALTITUDE dataset of patients with ICD or CRT-D implantation to Medicare claims data. We used a joint model to investigate the association of the composite endpoint with 1) the time-varying point estimate of PA and 2) the time-varying trajectory/slope of PA during follow-up. RESULTS: Among 20,927 patients with median activity level 85 min/day, 14.1% and 49.6% experienced the composite endpoint at 1 and 5 years. Adjusted joint model results showed that there was a 1.13 (95% confidence interval: 1.12 to 1.13)-fold increase in the hazard of the composite endpoint for 75 min of daily PA relative to 85 min of PA; and a within-patient 10-min decrease in average daily PA over an 8-week period from 85 to 75 min was associated with a hazard ratio of 4.02 (95% confidence interval: 3.82 to 4.22) for the composite endpoint. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with large decreases in PA have significantly higher risk of experiencing heart failure hospitalization or death. PA data from implantable devices may identify patients before clinical decompensation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kelly, JP; Ballew, NG; Lin, L; Hammill, BG; Stivland, TM; Jones, PW; Curtis, LH; Hernandez, AF; Greiner, MA; Atwater, BD

Published Date

  • April 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 8 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 280 - 288

PubMed ID

  • 32035894

Pubmed Central ID

  • 32035894

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2213-1787

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jchf.2019.10.009

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States