Sunitinib in combination with docetaxel and prednisone in chemotherapy-naive patients with metastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer: a phase 1/2 clinical trial.
BACKGROUND: This phase 1/2 study assessed sunitinib combined with docetaxel (Taxotere) and prednisone in chemotherapy-naive metastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: To determine the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D), 25 patients in four dose escalation cohorts received 3-week cycles of sunitinib (2 weeks on, 1 week off), docetaxel and prednisone, preceded by a 4-week sunitinib 50 mg/day lead in. RP2D was evaluated in 55 additional patients. The primary end point was prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response rate. RESULTS: One phase 1 dose-limiting toxicity occurred (grade 3 hyponatremia). The RP2D was sunitinib 37.5 mg/day, docetaxel 75 mg/m2 and prednisone 5 mg b.i.d. During phase 2, confirmed PSA responses occurred in 31 patients [56.4% (95% confidence interval 42.3-69.7)]. Median time to PSA progression was 9.8 months. Forty-one patients (75%) were treated >3 months, 12 (22%) completed the study (16 cycles) and 43 (78%) discontinued (36% for disease progression and 27% adverse events). The most frequent treatment-related grade 3/4 adverse events were neutropenia (53%; 15% febrile) and fatigue/asthenia (16%). Among 33 assessable patients, 14 (42.4%) had confirmed partial response. Median progression-free and overall survivals were 12.6 and 21.7 months, respectively. CONCLUSION: This combination was moderately well tolerated, with promising response rate and survival benefit, justifying further investigation in mCRPC.
Zurita, AJ; George, DJ; Shore, ND; Liu, G; Wilding, G; Hutson, TE; Kozloff, M; Mathew, P; Harmon, CS; Wang, SL; Chen, I; Chow Maneval, E; Logothetis, CJ
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