6.17 Peripheral nerve regeneration


Book Section

Spontaneous regeneration occurs for nerve gaps that are less than 10 mm; however, injuries that are greater than this length require a graft that will bridge the two nerve ends. Currently, nerve autografts are the “gold standard” however, their limited availability and efficacy remain a limitation in bridging larger gaps. Therefore, other biological grafts have been investigated, including nerve allografts, vein grafts, artery grafts, and muscle grafts. However, their immunogenicity and inability to match autograft-mediated axonal regeneration lead to the development of synthetic nerve conduits. This article discusses the relative merits of various “bridging” strategies for peripheral nerve gaps. Synthetic nerve guidance conduits (NGCs) and their fabrication techniques, such as phase separation, solvent casting, electrospinning, and extrusion used to fabricate scaffolds, are explored. In combination with the synthetic NGCs, biochemical augmentation strategies used to mimic the extracellular matrix and growth factor environment within the grafts to encourage axonal regeneration are also discussed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Mokarram, N; Jain, A; Dymanus, K; Valmikinathan, CM; Bellamkonda, RV

Published Date

  • January 1, 2017

Book Title

  • Comprehensive Biomaterials II

Start / End Page

  • 288 - 307

International Standard Book Number 13 (ISBN-13)

  • 9780081006917

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/B978-0-12-803581-8.10145-6

Citation Source

  • Scopus