Targeting CREB Pathway Suppresses Small Cell Lung Cancer.

Published

Journal Article

Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is the most deadly subtype of lung cancer due to its dismal prognosis. We have developed a lentiviral vector-mediated SCLC mouse model and have explored the role of both the NF-κB and CREB families of transcription factors in this model. Surprisingly, induction of NF-κB activity, which promotes tumor progression in many cancer types including non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), is dispensable in SCLC. Instead, suppression of NF-κB activity in SCLC tumors moderately accelerated tumor development. Examination of gene expression signatures of both mouse and human SCLC tumors revealed overall low NF-κB but high CREB activity. Blocking CREB activation by a dominant-negative form of PKA (dnPKA) completely abolished the development of SCLC. Similarly, expression of dnPKA or treatment with PKA inhibitor H89 greatly reduced the growth of SCLC tumors in syngeneic transplantation models. Altogether, our results strongly suggest that targeting CREB is a promising therapeutic strategy against SCLC.Implications: Activity of the transcription factor CREB is elevated in SCLC tumors, which helps to maintain its neuroendocrine signature and cell proliferation. Our results highlight the importance of targeting the CREB pathway to develop new therapeutics to combat SCLC. Mol Cancer Res; 16(5); 825-32. ©2018 AACR.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Xia, Y; Zhan, C; Feng, M; Leblanc, M; Ke, E; Yeddula, N; Verma, IM

Published Date

  • May 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 16 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 825 - 832

PubMed ID

  • 29523765

Pubmed Central ID

  • 29523765

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1557-3125

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1541-7786

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1158/1541-7786.mcr-17-0576

Language

  • eng