Subspace-invariant AC0 formulas


Journal Article

© B. Rossman. We consider the action of a linear subspace U of {0, 1}n on the set of AC0 formulas with inputs labeled by literals in the set (formula presented), where an element u ∈ U acts on formulas by transposing the ith pair of literals for all i ∈ [n] such that ui = 1. A formula is U-invariant if it is fixed by this action. For example, there is a well-known recursive construction of depth d + 1 formulas of size O(n·2dn1/d) computing the n-variable parity function; these formulas are easily seen to be P-invariant where P is the subspace of even-weight elements of {0, 1}n. In this paper we establish a nearly matching 2d(n1/d−1) lower bound on the P-invariant depth d + 1 formula size of parity. Quantitatively this improves the best known (formula presented) lower bound for unrestricted depth d + 1 formulas [Ros15], while avoiding the use of the switching lemma. More generally, for any linear subspaces U ⊂ V, we show that if a Boolean function is U-invariant and non-constant over V, then its U-invariant depth d + 1 formula size is at least 2d(m1/d−1) where m is the minimum Hamming weight of a vector in U⊥\V⊥.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rossman, B

Published Date

  • January 1, 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 15 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 3:1-3:12 -

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1860-5974

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.23638/LMCS-15(3:3)2019

Citation Source

  • Scopus