An Average-Case Depth Hierarchy Theorem for Boolean Circuits
© 2015 IEEE. We prove an average-case depth hierarchy theorem for Boolean circuits over the standard basis of AND, OR, and NOT gates. Our hierarchy theorem says that for every d ≥ 2, there is an explicit n-variable Boolean function f, computed by a linear-size depth-d formula, which is such that any depth-(d - 1) circuit that agrees with f on (1/2 + on(1)) fraction of all inputs must have size exp(nΩ(1/d)). This answers an open question posed by Has tad in his Ph.D. Thesis [Has86b]. Our average-case depth hierarchy theorem implies that the polynomial hierarchy is infinite relative to a random oracle with probability 1, confirming a conjecture of Has tad [Has86a], Cai [Cai86], and Babai [Bab87]. We also use our result to show that there is no 'approximate converse' to the results of Linial, Mansour, Nisan [LMN93] and Boppana [Bop97] on the total influence of constant-depth circuits, thus answering a question posed by Kalai [Kal12] and Hatami [Hat14]. A key ingredient in our proof is a notion of random projections which generalize random restrictions.
Rossman, B; Servedio, RA; Tan, LY
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International Standard Book Number 13 (ISBN-13)
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