Impact of active dose management on radiation exposure and image quality in computed tomography: An observational study in 1315 patients.

Published

Journal Article

PURPOSE: To determine the clinical impact of CT dose management team on radiation exposure and image quality. METHODS: 2026 clinical routine CT examinations of 1315 patients were evaluated retrospectively. A CT dose management team was established as an integral part of the radiological department. It identified 5 CT protocols (A-E), where national reference values were exceeded the most. Those reference values included specifically the mean volumetric CT dose index (CTDIvol) and the mean dose-length product (DLP). Baseline data (period 1) and follow up data (period 2) were obtained after reduction of tube voltage and increase of pitch or noise index. Signal-to-noise ratios (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratios (CNR) were calculated to compare image quality. Two-sided t-tests were performed. RESULTS: Mean CTDIvol and mean DLP of the chest protocol (A) decreased after reduction of tube voltage (P < 0.01). In the chest/abdomen/pelvis protocol (B), the increase of noise index resulted in a significant mean CTDIvol decrease (P < 0.02) without statistical significance of mean DLP (P < 0.12). In the abdomen/pelvis protocol (C), mean CTDIvol (P = 0.01) and mean DLP (P < 0.01) were significantly lower after noise index increase. In the staging of hepatocellular carcinoma (D), mean CTDIvol and mean DLP were significantly lower after increase of pitch and noise index (P < 0.01). The lung protocol (E) yielded no significant changes after modulation (P > 0.05). SNR (protocol A) was significantly higher in period 2 (P < 0.04). Protocol D showed significantly lower selected SNR and CNR (P < 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Establishing an operating dose management team as a standard for good clinical practice helps to considerably reduce CT radiation dose while preserving image quality.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Poehler, GH; Alikhani, B; Klimes, F; Hauck, EF; Ringe, KI; Sonnow, L; Wacker, F; Raatschen, H-J

Published Date

  • April 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 125 /

Start / End Page

  • 108900 -

PubMed ID

  • 32109835

Pubmed Central ID

  • 32109835

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1872-7727

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ejrad.2020.108900

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Ireland