Impact of interruptions in radiofrequency energy delivery on lesion characteristics.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: During catheter ablation, delivery of radiofrequency (RF) energy to a target site is sometimes interrupted by catheter instability and clinical factors. The impact of interruption of RF delivery on lesion characteristics has not been characterized. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of interruption of RF application on lesion size. METHODS: Forty-two RF ablation lesions (21 left ventricle, 21 right ventricle) were created in the ventricles of 6 swine using power control mode (30 W; target contact force 15g) with 1 of 3 conditions: 15-second ablation (15s), 30-second ablation (30s), or two 15-second ablations (15s×2) at the same site separated by a 2-minute pause. RESULTS: Lesion volume was significantly larger for 30s lesions (501 ± 146 mm3) compared to both 15s×2 (314 ± 98 mm3) and 15s (242 ± 104 mm3) lesions (P <.001 for both pairwise comparisons). Compared to 15s lesions, lesion volume was numerically greater for 15s×2 lesions, but this did not reach statistical significance (P = .087). Differences in lesion volume between 30s and 15s×2 lesions were driven mainly by differences in lesion width (10.7 ± 1.1 mm vs 9.1 ± 1.7 mm; P = .04) rather than depth (9 ± 1.2 mm vs 8.4 ± 1.2 mm; P = .29). There were no differences in mean contact force by group. There was no difference in total force-time integral for the 30s and 15s×2 lesion groups [median 444 (interquartile range 312) g∙s vs 380 (164) g∙s; P = 1]. CONCLUSION: Compared to lesions resulting from continuous RF ablation, lesions resulting from interrupted ablation have a smaller overall lesion volume, predominantly due to smaller lesion width. These data suggest that if disruption in energy delivery occurs, lesions may need closer spacing to avoid gaps.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Friedman, DJ; Overmann, JA; Fish, JM; Gaeta, SA; Tranter, JH; Thao, R; Piccini, JP

Published Date

  • August 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 17 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 1354 - 1359

PubMed ID

  • 32200047

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1556-3871

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.hrthm.2020.03.008

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States