Endoscopic Proximal Hamstring Tendon Repair for Nonretracted Tears: An Anatomic Approach and Repair Technique.
Proximal hamstring injuries are common, and open surgical repair with suture anchors has been the gold standard when surgical intervention is warranted. Endoscopic techniques offer the opportunity of surgical repair with smaller incisions to limit complications and expedite rehabilitation. The purpose of this technique guide is to describe a modified endoscopic technique that allows a safe and anatomic repair of proximal hamstring injuries. The patient is positioned prone with the feet at the head of the bed, table in reverse Trendelenburg, and knees flexed to 90°. Four portals are used, 3 in horizontal alignment within the gluteal fold and 1 directly superior to the ischial tuberosity. The sciatic nerve is identified, dissected, and mobilized away from the operative field. Retraction sutures help retract the gluteus maximus and further protect the sciatic nerve. Dissection is within the interval between the conjoint and semimembranosus tendons. The tendons are freed and mobilized, the ischial tuberosity is decorticated, and an anatomic repair is performed via 4 suture anchors, 2 at each tendon footprint. Advancements in arthroscopy have permitted adequate visualization and exposure of the hamstring footprint, thus allowing for an anatomic repair with increased protection of the sciatic nerve and decreased resources and cost.
Fletcher, AN; Lau, BC; Mather, RC
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