The Enhancing Quality of Prescribing Practices for Older Veterans Discharged From the Emergency Department (EQUIPPED) Potentially Inappropriate Medication Dashboard: A Suitable Alternative to the In-person Academic Detailing and Standardized Feedback Reports of Traditional EQUIPPED?
PURPOSE: The Enhancing Quality of Prescribing Practices for Older Veterans Discharged From the Emergency Department (EQUIPPED) program is a quality improvement initiative that combines education, clinical decision support (ie, geriatric pharmacy order sets), and in-person academic detailing coupled with audit and feedback in an effort to improve appropriate prescribing to older veterans discharged from the emergency department. Although the EQUIPPED program is effective at reducing the prescribing of potentially inappropriate medications, the reliance on in-person academic detailing may be a limitation for broader dissemination. The EQUIPPED dashboard is a passive yet continuous audit and feedback mechanism developed to potentially replace the in-person academic detailing of the traditional EQUIPPED program. We describe the development process of the EQUIPPED dashboard and the key audit and feedback components found within. METHODS: The Veterans Affairs (VA) Corporate Data Warehouse (CDW) serves as the underlying data source for the EQUIPPED dashboard. SQL Server Integration Services was used to build the backend data architecture. Data were isolated from the CDW for reporting purposes using an extract, load, transform (ELT) approach. The team used SQL Server Reporting Services to produce the user interface and add interactive functionality. The team used an agile development approach when designing the user interface, engaging end users at 2 VA EQUIPPED implementation sites by providing printed screenshots of a beta version of the dashboard. FINDINGS: The EQUIPPED dashboard ELT process executes nightly to provide dashboard end users with a near real-time data experience and the potential for daily audit and feedback. The following dashboard components were identified as necessary for the EQUIPPED dashboard to be a suitable audit and feedback tool: key performance indicators, peer-to-peer benchmarking, individual patient or encounter drill down, educational decision support, and longitudinal performance tracking. IMPLICATIONS: To our knowledge, the EQUIPPED dashboard is the first information display of its kind with built-in audit and feedback that has been developed for VA emergency department practitioners as the primary end users. Further investigation is warranted to determine whether the EQUIPPED dashboard is a suitable alternative to in-person academic detailing. The EQUIPPED dashboard will be leveraged in a formal implementation trial that will entail the randomization of multiple VA sites to either (1) traditional EQUIPPED with in-person academic detailing coupled with audit and feedback or (2) EQUIPPED with passive audit and feedback delivered through the EQUIPPED dashboard without in-person prescribing outreach.
Burningham, Z; Jackson, GL; Kelleher, J; Stevens, M; Morris, I; Cohen, J; Maloney, G; Vaughan, CP
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