Prognostic significance of surgical margins after transoral laser microsurgery for early-stage glottic squamous cell carcinoma.
OBJECTIVES: The impact of positive tumor margin status and other clinicopathological factors on prognosis in early stage glottic squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) treated with transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) remains unclear. This study examined overall survival (OS) rates of patients with positive tumor margin status compared to negative tumor margin status after TLM in clinical T1-2 glottic SCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The National Cancer Data Base (NCDB) was queried for patients who underwent resection of T1-2 glottic SCC by TLM. Patients were treated from 2004 to 2013. Overall survival was assessed with Kaplan-Meier curve analysis, and univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis. Differences in clinicopathologic factors between positive and negative margin groups were compared using Pearson Chi-squared analysis. RESULTS: Of 747 patients meeting inclusion criteria, 598 (80.1%) had negative margins. Median follow-up time was 48.0 months. Unadjusted 5-year OS for positive margins (80.0%) was lower compared to that of negative tumor margins (82.9%), but this was not statistically significant (P = 0.265). This persisted after multivariate analysis (P = 0.960). When tumors were stratified by T stage (647 T1, 100 T2), unadjusted 5-year OS based on margin status remained statistically insignificant for both T1 (P = 0.933) and T2 tumors (P = 0.350). CONCLUSION: Positive margins did not negatively impact overall survival among patients with TLM-treated early-stage glottic cancer. This finding might be useful clinically in deciding treatment modality for early stage glottic SCC.
Jumaily, M; Faraji, F; Osazuwa-Peters, N; Walker, RJ; Ward, GM
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