Twelve-lead electrocardiogram recording during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. Analysis of reciprocal changes.
Coronary angioplasty was used as a human model of transient myocardial ischemia to evaluate the electrocardiographic characteristics and significance of "reciprocal" ST-segment depression and T wave changes. Continuous 12-lead ECGs were recorded before and during coronary angioplasty in 20 patients, 19 of whom had single vessel disease. In 12 of 14 patients, LAD occlusion produced ischemic changes (peaked T and/or ST elevation) in L1, AVL and at least two precordial leads. "Reciprocal" changes (ST depression and/or T inversion) were observed in at least two inferior wall leads. One patient had ST depression in V4-V6 with no change in the inferior leads and in the other the only ECG change was inferior ST depression with partial inversion of the T wave. In four of six patients, RCA occlusion produced ischemic changes in at least two inferior wall leads and "reciprocal" changes in L1, AVL and at least two anterior wall leads. In LAD as well as RCA occlusions "reciprocal" changes were characterized by inversion of the T wave or inversion of its ascending limb with or without ST depression. The magnitude of the ischemic changes tended to be proportional to the magnitude of the "reciprocal" changes. Our data suggest that: (1) "Reciprocal" changes are not a specific indicator of distant myocardial ischemia due to multivessel disease; (2) the magnitude of ischemic changes correlates with the magnitude of "reciprocal" changes; (3) "Reciprocal" changes may be the only manifestation of acute myocardial ischemia; and (4) "Reciprocal" changes may be represented by inversion of the T wave without displacement of the ST-segment.
Kracoff, OH; Adelman, AG; Marquis, JF; Caspi, A; Aldridge, HE; Schwartz, L
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)