Delayed vs initial cytomegalovirus prophylaxis after kidney transplantation.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

It is recommended to start cytomegalovirus (CMV) prophylaxis within 10 days of solid organ transplant, if indicated. Our center underwent a cost-savings initiative to delay CMV prophylaxis initiation from postoperative day zero to postoperative day 7 or upon discharge, hypothesizing this would not affect clinical outcomes but could impact costs. The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the effects of early vs delayed (<72 vs >72 hours after transplant) CMV prophylaxis in kidney and kidney/pancreas transplant recipients transplanted between June 2014 and January 2017. The primary endpoint was incidence of CMV infection within 1 year. Secondary endpoints included CMV disease, CMV testing, and valganciclovir cost during index hospitalization. A total of 173 patients (114 early, 59 delayed) were included. CMV infection occurred in 61% vs 54% in the early vs delayed group (P = .5). Excluding low-level DNAemia (QNAT < 200 IU/mL), infection occurred in 30% vs 22% in the early vs late group (P = .4). The median days to starting prophylaxis were 0 and 6 in the early and delayed group (P < .05), which led to a median cost savings of $497.00 per patient during index hospitalization (P < .05). Delaying prophylaxis initiation did not impact CMV outcomes in this cohort and decreased costs.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Laub, MR; Byrns, J; Gommer, J; Ellis, M; Harris, M

Published Date

  • June 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 34 / 6

Start / End Page

  • e13854 -

PubMed ID

  • 32163619

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1399-0012

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/ctr.13854


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Denmark