Analysis of the expression, distribution and function of cyclin dependent kinase 5 (cdk5) in developing cerebellar macroneurons.
Cultures of cerebellar macroneurons were used to study the expression, activity, subcellular localization, and function of cdk5 during neuronal morphogenesis. The results obtained indicate that in non-polarized neurons cdk5 is restricted to the cell body but as soon as polarity is established it becomes highly concentrated at the distal tip of growing axons where it associates with microtubules and the subcortical cytoskeleton. In addition, we show that laminin, an extracellular matrix molecule capable of stimulating axonal extension and promoting MAP1b phosphorylation (DiTella et al., 1996), accelerates the redistribution of cdk5 to the axonal tip and dramatically increases its activity. Finally, our results indicate that cdk5 suppression by antisense oligonucleotide treatment selectively reduces axonal elongation and decreases the phosphorylation status of MAP1b, as well as its binding to microtubules. Taken collectively, our observations suggest that cdk5 may serve as an important regulatory linker between environmental signals (e.g. laminin) and constituents of the intracellular machinery (e.g. MAP1b) involved in axonal formation.
Pigino, G; Paglini, G; Ulloa, L; Avila, J; Cáceres, A
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