Phase 2 study of temozolomide and Caelyx in patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme.


Journal Article

Temozolomide has established activity in the treatment of recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Caelyx (liposomal doxorubicin) has established activity in a broad range of tumors but has not been extensively evaluated in the treatment of GBM. Phase 1 data suggest that temozolomide and Caelyx can be combined safely at full dose. In this phase 2 study, combination temozolomide (200 mg/m(2) orally, days 1-5) and Caelyx (40 mg/m(2) i.v., day 1) was given every 4 weeks to a cohort of 22 patients with recurrent GBM, who received a total of 109 cycles (median 3.5 cycles). The median age of the patients was 55 years (range, 31-80 years), and 17 were male. All patients had received radiotherapy, but only 2 had received prior chemotherapy. One patient (5%) had a complete response, 3 patients (14%) had a partial response, and 11 patients (50%) had stable disease. The median time to progression for the cohort was 3.2 months (range, 1-13 months). Median overall survival was 8.2 months (range, 1-16+ months). Seven patients (32%) were progression free at 6 months. Hematological toxicity included grade 3/4 neutropenia in 4 patients (18%) and grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia in 4 patients (18%). Grade 3 non-hematologic toxicity included rash in 3 patients (14%), nausea and vomiting in 1 patient (4%), hypersensitivity reaction to Caelyx in 3 patients (14%), and palmar-plantar toxicity in 1 patient (4%). We conclude that the combination of temozolomide and Caelyx is well tolerated, results in a modest objective response rate, but has encouraging disease stabilization in the treatment of recurrent GBM.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Chua, SL; Rosenthal, MA; Wong, SS; Ashley, DM; Woods, A-M; Dowling, A; Cher, LM

Published Date

  • January 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 6 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 38 - 43

PubMed ID

  • 14769139

Pubmed Central ID

  • 14769139

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1522-8517

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1215/S1152851703000188


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England