IL26, a Noncanonical Mediator of DNA Inflammatory Stimulation, Promotes TNBC Engraftment and Progression in Association with Neutrophils.
IL26 is a unique amphipathic member of the IL10 family of cytokines that participates in inflammatory signaling through a canonical receptor pathway. It also directly binds DNA to facilitate cellular transduction and intracellular inflammatory signaling. Although IL26 has almost no described role in cancer, our in vivo screen of inflammatory and cytokine pathway genes revealed IL26 to be one of the most significant inflammatory mediators of mammary engraftment and lung metastatic growth in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Examination of human breast cancers demonstrated elevated IL26 transcripts in TNBC specimens, specifically in tumor cells as well as in Th17 CD4+ T cells within clinical TNBC specimens. IL26 did not have an autocrine effect on human TNBC cells, but rather its effect on engraftment and growth in vivo required neutrophils. IL26 enhanced mouse-derived DNA induction of inflammatory cytokines, which were collectively important for mammary and metastatic lung engraftment. To neutralize this effect, we developed a novel IL26 vaccine to stimulate antibody production and suppress IL26-enhanced engraftment in vivo, suggesting that targeting this inflammatory amplifier could be a unique means to control cancer-promoting inflammation in TNBC and other autoimmune diseases. Thus, we identified IL26 as a novel key modulator of TNBC metastasis and a potential therapeutic target in TNBC as well as other diseases reliant upon IL26-mediated inflammatory stimulation. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings identify IL26 as a unique, clinically relevant, inflammatory amplifier that enhances TNBC engraftment and dissemination in association with neutrophils, which has potential as a therapeutic target. GRAPHICAL ABSTRACT: http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/canres/80/15/3088/F1.large.jpg.
Trotter, TN; Shuptrine, CW; Tsao, L-C; Marek, RD; Acharya, C; Wei, J-P; Yang, X-Y; Lei, G; Wang, T; Lyerly, HK; Hartman, ZC
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