Assessing the quality of electronic health record data and patient self-report data

Conference Paper

Knowing the accuracy of self-reported medical data is critical to using the data in clinical decision-making and research. The same is true for data in Electronic Health Records (EHRs). For these data, accuracy reported in the literature varies widely leaving little to guide researchers in selection of the most accurate data source. This study addresses this gap by comparing patient self-report and EHR data and is the most extensive study to date in the accuracy of clinical data. The study design, data collection and preliminary results for race data are reported here. The initial comparison of race data in a small group of participating clinics showed a 33% discrepancy rate. Further, bias was evident in that all of the discrepant records were from patients reporting Hispanic ethnicity. Initial characterization of the results identified process differences among the clinics and lack of identification with the race categories among patients. The extent of variability in discrepancy rates across facilities and other data elements remains to be characterized but the necessity for accuracy assessment has been demonstrated.

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Zozus, MN; Walden, A; Byers, M; Powell, T; Wang, P; Garza, M; Del Fiol, G; Tenenbaum, J; Nix, M; Pieper, C

Published Date

  • January 1, 2017

Published In

  • Proceedings of the 22nd Mit International Conference on Information Quality, Iciq 2017

Citation Source

  • Scopus