RoboCOP: Multivariate State Space Model Integrating Epigenomic Accessibility Data to Elucidate Genome-Wide Chromatin Occupancy.

Conference Paper

Chromatin is the tightly packaged structure of DNA and protein within the nucleus of a cell. The arrangement of different protein complexes along the DNA modulates and is modulated by gene expression. Measuring the binding locations and level of occupancy of different transcription factors (TFs) and nucleosomes is therefore crucial to understanding gene regulation. Antibody-based methods for assaying chromatin occupancy are capable of identifying the binding sites of specific DNA binding factors, but only one factor at a time. On the other hand, epigenomic accessibility data like ATAC-seq, DNase-seq, and MNase-seq provide insight into the chromatin landscape of all factors bound along the genome, but with minimal insight into the identities of those factors. Here, we present RoboCOP, a multivariate state space model that integrates chromatin information from epigenomic accessibility data with nucleotide sequence to compute genome-wide probabilistic scores of nucleosome and TF occupancy, for hundreds of different factors at once. RoboCOP can be applied to any epigenomic dataset that provides quantitative insight into chromatin accessibility in any organism, but here we apply it to MNase-seq data to elucidate the protein-binding landscape of nucleosomes and 150 TFs across the yeast genome. Using available protein-binding datasets from the literature, we show that our model more accurately predicts the binding of these factors genome-wide.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Mitra, S; Zhong, J; MacAlpine, DM; Hartemink, AJ

Published Date

  • May 2020

Published In

  • Res Comput Mol Biol

Volume / Issue

  • 12074 /

Start / End Page

  • 136 - 151

PubMed ID

  • 34386808

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8356533

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/978-3-030-45257-5_9

Conference Location

  • Germany