The class V myosin interactome of the human pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus reveals novel interactions with COPII vesicle transport proteins.
The human fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus causes life-threatening invasive aspergillosis in immunocompromised individuals. Adaptation to the host environment is integral to survival of A. fumigatus and requires the coordination of short- and long-distance vesicular transport to move essential components throughout the fungus. We previously reported the importance of MyoE, the only class V myosin, for hyphal growth and virulence of A. fumigatus. Class V myosins are actin-based, cargo-carrying motor proteins that contain unique binding sites for specific cargo. Specific cargo carried by myosin V has not been identified in any fungus, and previous studies have only identified single components that interact with class V myosins. Here we utilized a mass spectrometry-based whole proteomic approach to identify MyoE interacting proteins in A. fumigatus for the first time. Several proteins previously shown to interact with myosin V through physical and genetic approaches were confirmed, validating our proteomic analysis. Importantly, we identified novel MyoE-interacting proteins, including members of the cytoskeleton network, cell wall synthesis, calcium signaling and a group of coat protein complex II (COPII) proteins involved in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to Golgi transport. Furthermore, we analyzed the localization patterns of the COPII proteins, UsoA (Uso1), SrgE (Sec31), and SrgF (Sec23), which suggested a potential role for MyoE in ER to Golgi trafficking.
Renshaw, H; Juvvadi, PR; Cole, DC; Steinbach, WJ
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