Systematic review of viscoelastic testing (TEG/ROTEM) in obstetrics and recommendations from the women's SSC of the ISTH.
(Journal Article;Review;Systematic Review)
Thromboelastography (TEG) and rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) are point-of-care viscoelastic devices that use whole blood samples to assess coagulation and fibrinolysis. These devices have been studied extensively in cardiac surgery, but there is limited robust evidence supporting its use in obstetrics. The hesitancy toward its routine use in obstetrics may be due to the current lack of randomized controlled trials and large observational studies. The study aims to systematically review studies that investigated TEG/ROTEM use in pregnancy or peripartum, and to provide recommendations for future studies to fill current research gaps. We performed a systematic review of studies on viscoelastic testing in obstetrics. Included studies were original research, used TEG or ROTEM during pregnancy or peripartum, and published in English. Ninety-three studies, spanning 31 years from 1989 to 2020 and with a total of 32,817 participants, were included. Sixty-two (66.7%) of the studies used TEG and 31 (33.3%) used ROTEM. To date, there are a total of two randomized controlled trials on TEG/ROTEM use in obstetrics. ROTEM may be used to guide transfusion therapy for postpartum hemorrhage. TEG and ROTEM can detect the hypercoagulable changes associated with pregnancy. Variability between study protocols and results suggests the need for future large prospective high-quality studies with standardized protocols to investigate the utility of TEG/ROTEM in assessing risk for thrombosis and hemorrhage as well as in guiding prophylaxis and treatment in obstetric patients. This review identifies the gaps and provides concrete recommendations for future studies to fill those gaps.
Amgalan, A; Allen, T; Othman, M; Ahmadzia, HK
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